CHAPTER 822 POSTCONVICTION PROCEDURE
This chapter not enacted as a part of this title; transferred from chapter 663A in Code 1993

822.1 STATUTES NOT APPLICABLE TO CONVICTED PERSONS.
822.2 SITUATIONS WHERE LAW APPLICABLE.
822.3 HOW TO COMMENCE PROCEEDING -- LIMITATION.
822.4 FACTS TO BE PRESENTED.
822.5 PAYMENT OF COSTS.
822.6 DETERMINATION OF RELIEF.
822.7 COURT TO HEAR APPLICATION.
822.8 GROUNDS MUST BE ALL-INCLUSIVE.
822.9 APPEAL.
822.10 RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.
822.11 CITATION.



        

822.1 STATUTES NOT APPLICABLE TO CONVICTED PERSONS. The provisions of sections 663.1 through 663.44, inclusive, shall not apply to persons convicted of, or sentenced for, a public offense.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.1] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         C93, § 822.1
        

822.2 SITUATIONS WHERE LAW APPLICABLE. 1. Any person who has been convicted of, or sentenced for, a public offense and who claims any of the following may institute, without paying a filing fee, a proceeding under this chapter to secure relief: a. The conviction or sentence was in violation of the Constitution of the United States or the Constitution or laws of this state. b. The court was without jurisdiction to impose sentence. c. The sentence exceeds the maximum authorized by law. d. There exists evidence of material facts, not previously presented and heard, that requires vacation of the conviction or sentence in the interest of justice. e. The person's sentence has expired, or probation, parole, or conditional release has been unlawfully revoked, or the person is otherwise unlawfully held in custody or other restraint. f. The person's reduction of sentence pursuant to sections 903A.1 through 903A.7 has been unlawfully forfeited and the person has exhausted the appeal procedure of section 903A.3, subsection 2. g. The conviction or sentence is otherwise subject to collateral attack upon any ground of alleged error formerly available under any common law, statutory or other writ, motion, petition, proceeding, or remedy, except alleged error relating to restitution, court costs, or fees under section 904.702 or chapter 815 or 910. 2. This remedy is not a substitute for nor does it affect any remedy, incident to the proceedings in the trial court, or of direct review of the sentence or conviction. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, it comprehends and takes the place of all other common law, statutory, or other remedies formerly available for challenging the validity of the conviction or sentence. It shall be used exclusively in place of them.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.2; 81 Acts, ch 198, § 1, 2] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         83 Acts, ch 147, § 10, 14; 86 Acts, ch 1075, § 3
         C93, § 822.2
         2006 Acts, ch 1010, §162
         Referred to in § 822.3, 822.5, 822.7, 822.9
        

822.3 HOW TO COMMENCE PROCEEDING -- LIMITATION. A proceeding is commenced by filing an application verified by the applicant with the clerk of the district court in which the conviction or sentence took place. However, if the applicant is seeking relief under section 822.2, subsection 1, paragraph "f", the application shall be filed with the clerk of the district court of the county in which the applicant is being confined within ninety days from the date the disciplinary decision is final. All other applications must be filed within three years from the date the conviction or decision is final or, in the event of an appeal, from the date the writ of procedendo is issued. However, this limitation does not apply to a ground of fact or law that could not have been raised within the applicable time period. Facts within the personal knowledge of the applicant and the authenticity of all documents and exhibits included in or attached to the application must be sworn to affirmatively as true and correct. The supreme court may prescribe the form of the application and verification. The clerk shall docket the application upon its receipt and promptly bring it to the attention of the court and deliver a copy to the county attorney and the attorney general.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.3] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         84 Acts, ch 1193, § 1; 89 Acts, ch 96, § 1
         C93, § 822.3
         2006 Acts, ch 1010, §163
         Referred to in § 602.8102(115), 822.4
        

822.4 FACTS TO BE PRESENTED. The application shall identify the proceedings in which the applicant was convicted, give the date of the entry of the judgment of conviction or sentence complained of, specifically set forth the grounds upon which the application is based, and clearly state the relief desired. Facts within the personal knowledge of the applicant shall be set forth separately from other allegations of facts and shall be verified as provided in section 822.3. Affidavits, records, or other evidence supporting its allegations shall be attached to the application or the application shall recite why they are not attached. The application shall identify all previous proceedings, together with the grounds therein asserted, taken by the applicant to secure relief from the conviction or sentence. Argument, citations, and discussion of authorities are unnecessary.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.4] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         C93, § 822.4
        

822.5 PAYMENT OF COSTS. If the applicant is unable to pay court costs and stenographic and printing expenses, these costs and expenses shall be made available to the applicant in the trial court, and on review. Unless the applicant is confined in a state institution and is seeking relief under section 822.2, subsection 1, paragraphs "e" and "f", the costs and expenses of legal representation shall also be made available to the applicant in the preparation of the application, in the trial court, and on review if the applicant is unable to pay. However, nothing in this section shall be interpreted to require payment of expenses of legal representation, including stenographic, printing, or other legal services or consultation, when the applicant is self-represented or is utilizing the services of an inmate.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.5; 82 Acts, ch 1108, § 1] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         91 Acts, ch 219, §18
         C93, § 822.5
         98 Acts, ch 1016, § 1, 3; 98 Acts, ch 1132, § 1; 2006 Acts, ch
      1010, §164
         Referred to in § 610A.1
        

822.6 DETERMINATION OF RELIEF. Within thirty days after the docketing of the application, or within any further time the court may fix, the state shall respond by answer or by motion which may be supported by affidavits. At any time prior to entry of judgment the court may grant leave to withdraw the application. The court may make appropriate orders for amendment of the application or any pleading or motion, for pleading over, for filing further pleadings or motions, or for extending the time of the filing of any pleading. In considering the application the court shall take account of substance regardless of defects of form. If the application is not accompanied by the record of the proceedings challenged therein, the respondent shall file with its answer the record or portions thereof that are material to the questions raised in the application. When a court is satisfied, on the basis of the application, the answer or motion, and the record, that the applicant is not entitled to postconviction relief and no purpose would be served by any further proceedings, it may indicate to the parties its intention to dismiss the application and its reasons for dismissal. The applicant shall be given an opportunity to reply to the proposed dismissal. In light of the reply, or on default thereof, the court may order the application dismissed or grant leave to file an amended application or direct that the proceedings otherwise continue. Disposition on the pleadings and record is not proper if a material issue of fact exists. The court may grant a motion by either party for summary disposition of the application, when it appears from the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions and agreements of fact, together with any affidavits submitted, that there is no genuine issue of material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.6] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         C93, § 822.6
        

822.7 COURT TO HEAR APPLICATION. The application shall be heard in, and before any judge of the court in which the conviction or sentence took place. However, if the applicant is seeking relief under section 822.2, subsection 1, paragraph "f", the application shall be heard in, and before any judge of the court of the county in which the applicant is being confined. A record of the proceedings shall be made and preserved. All rules and statutes applicable in civil proceedings including pretrial and discovery procedures are available to the parties. The court may receive proof of affidavits, depositions, oral testimony, or other evidence, and may order the applicant brought before it for the hearing. If the court finds in favor of the applicant, it shall enter an appropriate order with respect to the conviction or sentence in the former proceedings, and any supplementary orders as to rearraignment, retrial, custody, bail, discharge, correction of sentence, or other matters that may be necessary and proper. The court shall make specific findings of fact, and state expressly its conclusions of law, relating to each issue presented. This order is a final judgment.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.7; 81 Acts, ch 198, § 3] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         C93, § 822.7
         2006 Acts, ch 1010, §165
        

822.8 GROUNDS MUST BE ALL-INCLUSIVE. All grounds for relief available to an applicant under this chapter must be raised in the applicant's original, supplemental or amended application. Any ground finally adjudicated or not raised, or knowingly, voluntarily, and intelligently waived in the proceeding that resulted in the conviction or sentence, or in any other proceeding the applicant has taken to secure relief, may not be the basis for a subsequent application, unless the court finds a ground for relief asserted which for sufficient reason was not asserted or was inadequately raised in the original, supplemental, or amended application.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.8] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         C93, § 822.8
        

822.9 APPEAL. An appeal from a final judgment entered under this chapter may be taken, perfected, and prosecuted either by the applicant or by the state in the manner and within the time after judgment as provided in the rules of appellate procedure for appeals from final judgments in criminal cases. However, if a party is seeking an appeal under section 822.2, subsection 1, paragraph "f", the appeal shall be by writ of certiorari.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.9] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         85 Acts, ch 157, § 3; 90 Acts, ch 1043, § 1; 92 Acts, ch 1212, §
      38
         C93, § 822.9
         96 Acts, ch 1018, § 1; 2006 Acts, ch 1010, §166
        

822.10 RULE OF CONSTRUCTION. This chapter shall be so interpreted and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 663A.10] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         C93, § 822.10
        

822.11 CITATION. This chapter may be cited as the "Uniform Postconviction Procedure Act".

         Section History: Early Form

         Section History: Recent Form

         C93, § 822.11

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