WHEREAS, the people of the Territory of Iowa did, on the seventh
      day of October, eighteen hundred and forty-four, by a convention of
      delegates called and assembled for that purpose, form for themselves
      a constitution and State government; and whereas, the people of the
      Territory of Florida did, in like manner, by their delegates, on the
      eleventh day of January, eighteen hundred and thirty-nine, form for
      themselves a constitution and State government, both of which said
      constitutions are republican; and said conventions having asked the
      admission of their respective Territories into the Union as States,
      on equal footing with the original States;

         Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
      United States of America in Congress assembled, That the States of
      Iowa and Florida be, and the same are hereby, declared to be States
      of the United States of America, and are hereby admitted into the
      Union on equal footing with the original States, in all respects
      whatsoever.

         SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the following shall
      be the boundaries of the said State of Iowa, to wit: Beginning at the
      mouth of the Des Moines river, at the middle of the Mississippi,
      thence by the middle of the channel of that river to a parallel of
      latitude passing through the mouth of the Mankato or Blue-Earth
      river, thence west along the said parallel of latitude to a point
      where it is intersected by a meridian line, seventeen degrees and
      thirty minutes west of the meridian of Washington city, thence due
      south to the northern boundary line of the State of Missouri, thence
      eastwardly following that boundary to the point at which the same
      intersects the Des Moines river, thence by the middle of the channel
      of that river to the place of beginning.

         SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said State of
      Iowa shall have concurrent jurisdiction on the river Mississippi, and
      every other river bordering on the said State of Iowa, so far as the
      said rivers shall form a common boundary to said State, and any other
      State or States now or hereafter to be formed or bounded by the same:
      Such rivers to be common to both: And that the said river
      Mississippi, and the navigable waters leading into the same, shall be
      common highways, and forever free as well to the inhabitants of said
      State, as to all other citizens of the United States, without any
      tax, duty, impost, or toll therefor, imposed by the said State of
      Iowa.

         SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That it is made and
      declared to be a fundamental condition of the admission of said State
      of Iowa into the Union, that so much of this act as relates to the
      said State of Iowa shall be assented to by a majority of the
      qualified electors at their township elections, in the manner and at
      the time prescribed in the sixth section of the thirteenth article of
      the constitution adopted at Iowa city the first day of November, anno
      Domini eighteen hundred and forty-four, or by the legislature of said
      State. And as soon as such assent shall be given, the President of
      the United States shall announce the same by proclamation; and
      therefrom and without further proceedings on the part of Congress,
      the admission of the said State of Iowa into the Union, on an equal
      footing in all respects whatever with the original States, shall be
      considered as complete.

         SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That said State of
      Florida shall embrace the territories of East and West Florida, which
      by the treaty of amity, settlement and limits between the United
      States and Spain, on the twenty-second day of February, eighteen
      hundred and nineteen, were ceded to the United States.

          Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That until the next
      census and apportionment shall be made, each of said States of Iowa
      and Florida shall be entitled to one representative in the House of
      Representatives of the United States.

          Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That said States of
      Iowa and Florida are admitted into the Union on the express condition
      that they shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the
      public lands lying within them, nor levy any tax on the same whilst
      remaining the property of the United States: Provided, That the
      ordinance of the convention that formed the constitution of Iowa, and
      which is appended to the said constitution, shall not be deemed or
      taken to have any effect or validity, or to be recognized as in any
      manner obligatory upon the Government of the United States.
         Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
      United States of America in Congress assembled, That the laws of
      the United States, which are not locally inapplicable, shall have the
      same force and effect within the State of Iowa as elsewhere within
      the United States.

          Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said State
      shall be one district, and be called the district of Iowa; and a
      district court shall be held therein, to consist of one judge, who
      shall reside in the said district, and be called a district judge. He
      shall hold, at the seat of government of the said State, two sessions
      of the said district court annually, on the first Monday in January,
      and he shall, in all things, have and exercise the same jurisdiction
      and powers which were by law given to the judge of the Kentucky
      district, under an act entitled "An act to establish the judicial
      courts of the United States." He shall appoint a clerk for the said
      district, who shall reside and keep the records of the said court at
      the place of holding the same; and shall receive, for the services
      performed by him, the same fees to which the clerk of the Kentucky
      district is by law entitled for similar services.

          Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there shall be
      allowed to the judge of the said district court the annual
      compensation of fifteen hundred dollars, to commence from the date of
      his appointment, to be paid quarterly at the treasury of the United
      States.

          Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That there shall be
      appointed in the said district, a person learned in the law, to act
      as attorney for the United States; who shall, in addition to his
      stated fees, be paid annually by the United States two hundred
      dollars, as a full compensation for all extra services: the said
      payments to be made quarterly, at the treasury of the United States.


          Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That a marshal shall be
      appointed for the said district, who shall perform the same duties,
      be subject to the same regulations and penalties, and be entitled to
      the same fees, as are prescribed and allowed to marshals in other
      districts; and shall, moreover, be entitled to the sum of two hundred
      dollars annually, as a compensation for all extra services.

          Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That in lieu of the
      propositions submitted to the Congress of the United States, by an
      ordinance passed on the first day of November, eighteen hundred and
      forty-four, by the convention of delegates at Iowa city, assembled
      for the purpose of making a constitution for the State of Iowa, which
      are hereby rejected, the following propositions be, and the same are
      hereby, offered to the legislature of the State of Iowa, for their
      acceptance or rejection; which, if accepted, under the authority
      conferred on the said legislature, by the convention which framed the
      constitution of the said State, shall be obligatory upon the United
      States:

         First. That section numbered sixteen in every township of the
      public lands, and, where such section has been sold or otherwise
      disposed of, other lands equivalent thereto, and as contiguous as may
      be, shall be granted to the State for the use of schools.

         Second. That the seventy-two sections of land set apart and
      reserved for the use and support of a university, by an act of
      Congress approved on the twentieth day of July, eighteen hundred and
      forty, entitled "An act granting two townships of land for the use of
      a university in the Territory of Iowa," are hereby granted and
      conveyed to the State, to be appropriated solely to the use and
      support of such university, in such manner as the legislature may
      prescribe.

         Third. That five entire sections of land, to be selected and
      located under the direction of the legislature, in legal divisions of
      not less than one quarter section, from any of the unappropriated
      lands belonging to the United States within the said State, are
      hereby granted to the State for the purpose of completing the public
      buildings of the said State, or for the erection of public buildings
      at the seat of government of the said State, as the legislature may
      determine and direct.

         Fourth. That all salt springs within the State, not exceeding
      twelve in number, with six sections of land adjoining, or as
      contiguous as may be to each, shall be granted to the said State for
      its use; the same to be selected by the legislature thereof, within
      one year after the admission of said State, and the same, when so
      selected, to be used on such terms, conditions, and regulations, as
      the legislature of the State shall direct: Provided, That no salt
      spring, the right whereof is now vested in any individual or
      individuals, or which may hereafter be confirmed or adjudged to any
      individual or individuals, shall, by this section, be granted to said
      State: And provided, also, That the General Assembly shall never
      lease or sell the same, at any one time, for a longer period than ten
      years, without the consent of Congress.

         Fifth. That five per cent. of the net proceeds of sales of all
      public lands lying within the said State, which have been, or shall
      be sold by Congress, from and after the admission of said State,
      after deducting all the expenses incident to the same, shall be
      appropriated for making public roads and canals within the said
      State, as the legislature may direct: Provided, That the five
      foregoing propositions herein offered are on the condition that the
      legislature of the said State, by virtue of the powers conferred upon
      it by the convention which framed the constitution of the said State,
      shall provide, by an ordinance, irrevocable without the consent of
      the United States, that the said State shall never interfere with the
      primary disposal of the soil within the same by the United States,
      nor with any regulations Congress may find necessary for securing the
      title in such soil to the bona fide purchasers thereof; and that no
      tax shall be imposed on lands the property of the United States; and
      that in no case shall non-resident proprietors to be taxed higher
      than residents; and that the bounty lands granted, or hereafter to be
      granted, for military services during the late war, shall, while they
      continue to be held by the patentees or their heirs, remain exempt
      from any tax laid by order or under the authority of the State,
      whether for State, county, township, or any other purpose, for the
      term of three years from and after the date of the patents,
      respectively.
         Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
      United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following
      shall be, and they are hereby, declared to be the boundaries of the
      State of Iowa, in lieu of those prescribed by the second section of
      the act of the third of March, eighteen hundred and forty-five,
      entitled "An Act for the Admission of the States of Iowa and Florida
      into the Union," viz. Beginning in the middle of the main channel of
      the Mississippi River, at a point due east of the middle of the mouth
      of the main channel of the Des Moines River; thence up the middle of
      the main channel of the said Des Moines River, to a point on said
      river where the northern boundary line of the State of Missouri, as
      established by the constitution of that State, adopted June twelfth,
      eighteen hundred and twenty, crosses the said middle of the main
      channel of the said Des Moines River; thence, westwardly, along the
      said northern boundary line of the State of Missouri, as established
      at the time aforesaid, until an extension of said line intersect the
      middle of the main channel of the Missouri River; thence, up the
      middle of the main channel of the said Missouri River, to a point
      opposite the middle of the main channel of the Big Sioux River,
      according to Nicollet's map; thence, up the main channel of the said
      Big Sioux River, according to said map, until it is intersected by
      the parallel of forty-three degrees and thirty minutes north
      latitude; thence east, along said parallel of forty-three degrees and
      thirty minutes, until said parallel intersect the middle of the main
      channel of the Mississippi River; thence, down the middle of the main
      channel of said Mississippi River, to the place of beginning.

          Sec. 2. { { { { {

          Sec. 3. { { { { {

          Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much of the act
      of the third of March, eighteen hundred and forty-five, entitled "An
      Act for the Admission of the States of Iowa and Florida into the
      Union," relating to the said State of Iowa, as is inconsistent with
      the provisions of this act, be and the same is hereby repealed. [9
      Stat. L. 52]
       Whereas, the people of the Territory of Iowa did, on the
      eighteenth day of May, anno Domini eighteen hundred and forty-six, by
      a convention of delegates called and assembled for that purpose, form
      for themselves a constitution and State government -- which
      constitution is republican in its character and features -- and said
      convention has asked admission of the said Territory into the Union
      as a State, on an equal footing with the original States, in
      obedience to "An Act for the Admission of the States of Iowa and
      Florida into the Union," approved March third, eighteen hundred
      forty-five [5 Stat. L. 742, 743.], and "An Act to define the
      Boundaries of the State of Iowa, and to repeal so much of the Act of
      the third of March, one thousand eight hundred and forty-five as
      relates to the Boundaries of Iowa," which said last act was approved
      August fourth, anno Domini eighteen hundred and forty-six [9 Stat. L.
      52.]; Therefore--

         Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
      United States of America in Congress assembled, That the State of
      Iowa shall be one, and is hereby declared to be one, of the United
      States of America, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing
      with the original States in all respects whatsoever.

          Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all the provisions
      of "An Act supplemental to the Act for the Admission of the States of
      Iowa and Florida into the Union," approved March third, eighteen
      hundred and forty-five [5 Stat. L.  788-790.], be, and the same are
      hereby declared to continue and remain in full force as applicable to
      the State of Iowa, as hereby admitted and received into the Union.

         Approved, December 28, 1846. [9 Stat. L. 117.]
          Section 1. Be it enacted and ordained by the General
      Assembly of the State of Iowa, That the propositions to the State
      of Iowa on her admission into the Union, made by the act of Congress,
      entitled "An act supplemental to the act for the admission of the
      States of Iowa and Florida into the Union," approved March 3, 1845,
      and which are contained in the sixth section of that act, are hereby
      accepted in lieu of the propositions submitted to Congress by an
      ordinance, passed on the first day of November, eighteen hundred and
      forty-four, by the convention of delegates which assembled at Iowa
      City on the first Monday of October, eighteen hundred and forty-four,
      for the purpose of forming a Constitution for said State, and which
      were rejected by Congress: Provided, The General Assembly shall
      have the right, in accordance with the provisions of the second
      section of the tenth article of the Constitution of Iowa, to
      appropriate the five percent. of the net proceeds of sales of all
      public lands lying within the State, which have been or shall be sold
      by Congress from and after the admission of said State, after
      deducting all expenses incident to the same, to the support of common
      schools.

          Section 2. And be it further enacted and ordained, as
      conditions of the grants specified in the propositions first
      mentioned in the foregoing section, irrevocable and unalterable
      without the consent of the United States, that the State of Iowa will
      never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil within the same
      by the United States, nor with any regulations Congress may find
      necessary for securing the title in such soil to the bona fide
      purchasers thereof; and that no tax shall be imposed on lands, the
      property of the United States; and that in no case shall non-resident
      proprietors be taxed higher than residents; and that the bounty lands
      granted, or hereafter to be granted, for military services during the
      late war with Great Britain, shall, while they continue to be held by
      the patentees or their heirs, remain exempt from any tax laid by
      order or under the authority of the State, whether for State, County,
      Township, or other purposes, for the term of three years from and
      after the dates of the patents respectively.

          Section 3. It is hereby made the duty of the Secretary of
      State, after the taking effect of this act, to forward one copy of
      the same to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress, who
      are hereby required to procure the consent of Congress to the
      diversion of the five per cent. fund indicated in the proviso to the
      first section of this act.

          Section 4. This act shall take effect from and after its
      publication in the weekly newspapers printed in Iowa City.

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