CHAPTER 144 VITAL STATISTICS
144.1 DEFINITIONS.
144.2 DIVISION OF RECORDS AND STATISTICS.
144.3 RULES ADOPTED.
144.4 REGISTRAR.
144.5 DUTIES OF REGISTRAR.
144.6 THROUGH 144.8
144.9 COUNTY RECORDER AS REGISTRAR.
144.11 PUBLIC ACCESS TO RECORDS.
144.12 FORMS UNIFORM.
144.12A DECLARATION OF PATERNITY REGISTRY.
144.13 BIRTH CERTIFICATES.
144.13A FEES -- USE OF FUNDS.
144.14 FOUNDLINGS.
144.15 DELAYED REGISTRATIONS OF BIRTH.
144.16 DELAYED REGISTRATION OF DEATH OR MARRIAGE.
144.17 PETITION TO ESTABLISH CERTIFICATE.
144.18 COURT HEARING.
144.19 ADOPTION CERTIFICATE.
144.20 INFORMATION.
144.21 AMENDED RECORD.
144.22 CLERK TO REPORT TO STATE REGISTRAR.
144.23 STATE REGISTRAR TO ISSUE NEW CERTIFICATE.
144.24 SUBSTITUTING NEW FOR ORIGINAL BIRTH CERTIFICATES -- INSPECTION.
144.25 NO PREVIOUS CERTIFICATE -- PROCEDURE.
144.25A CERTIFICATE OF BIRTH -- FOREIGN AND INTERNATIONAL ADOPTIONS.
144.26 DEATH CERTIFICATE.
144.27 FUNERAL DIRECTOR'S DUTY.
144.28 MEDICAL CERTIFICATION.
144.29 FETAL DEATHS.
144.29A TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY REPORTING.
144.30 FUNERAL DIRECTOR'S DUTY -- FETAL DEATH CERTIFICATE.
144.31 MEDICAL CERTIFICATION -- FETAL DEATH.
144.32 BURIAL TRANSIT PERMIT.
144.33 BODIES BROUGHT INTO STATE.
144.34 DISINTERMENT -- PERMIT.
144.35 EXTENSIONS OF TIME BY RULES.
144.36 MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE FILED -- PROHIBITED INFORMATION.
144.37 DISSOLUTION AND ANNULMENT RECORDS.
144.38 AMENDMENT OF OFFICIAL RECORD.
144.39 CHANGE OF NAME.
144.40 PATERNITY OF CHILDREN -- BIRTH CERTIFICATES.
144.41 AMENDING LOCAL RECORDS.
144.42 REPRODUCTION OF ORIGINAL RECORDS.
144.43 VITAL RECORDS CLOSED TO INSPECTION -- EXCEPTIONS.
144.43A MUTUAL CONSENT VOLUNTARY ADOPTION REGISTRY.
144.44 PERMITS FOR RESEARCH.
144.45 CERTIFIED COPIES.
144.45A COMMEMORATIVE BIRTH AND MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES.
144.46 FEES.
144.46A VITAL RECORDS FUND.
144.47 PERSONS CONFINED IN INSTITUTIONS.
144.48 INSTITUTIONAL DEAD PERSONS.
144.49 ADDITIONAL RECORD BY FUNERAL DIRECTOR.
144.50 LENGTH OF TIME RECORDS TO BE KEPT.
144.51 INFORMATION BY OTHERS FURNISHED ON DEMAND.
144.52 UNLAWFUL ACTS -- PUNISHMENT.
144.53 MISDEMEANORS.
144.54 REPORT TO COUNTY ATTORNEY.
144.55 ATTORNEY GENERAL TO ASSIST IN ENFORCEMENT.
144.56 AUTOPSY.
144.57 PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER DEATH -- REQUIRED NOTICE -- AUTOPSY.



        

144.1 DEFINITIONS. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. "Board" means the state board of health. 2. "Book", "list", "record", or "schedule" kept by a county auditor, assessor, treasurer, recorder, sheriff, or other county officer means the county system as defined in section 445.1. 3. "Court of competent jurisdiction" when used to refer to inspection of an original certificate of birth based upon an adoption means the court where the adoption was ordered. 4. "Dead body" means a lifeless human body or parts or bones of a body, if, from the state of the body, parts, or bones, it may reasonably be concluded that death recently occurred. 5. "Department" means the Iowa department of public health. 6. "Division" means a division, within the department, for records and statistics. 7. "Fetal death" means death prior to the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of human conception, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy. Death is indicated by the fact that after expulsion or extraction the fetus does not breathe or show any other evidence of life such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles. In determining a fetal death, heartbeats shall be distinguished from transient cardiac contractions, and respirations shall be distinguished from fleeting respiratory efforts or gasps. 8. "Filing" means the presentation of a certificate, report, or other record, provided for in this chapter, of a birth, death, fetal death, adoption, marriage, dissolution, or annulment for registration by the division. 9. "Final disposition" means the burial, interment, cremation, removal from the state, or other disposition of a dead body or fetus. 10. "Institution" means any establishment, public or private, which provides inpatient medical, surgical, or diagnostic care or treatment, or nursing, custodial, or domiciliary care to two or more unrelated individuals, or to which persons are committed by law. 11. "Live birth" means the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of human conception, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy, which, after such expulsion or extraction, breathes or shows any other evidence of life such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached. In determining a live birth, heartbeats shall be distinguished from transient cardiac contractions, and respirations shall be distinguished from fleeting respiratory efforts or gasps. 12. "Registration" means the process by which vital statistic records are completed, filed, and incorporated by the division in the division's official records. 13. "State registrar" means the state registrar of vital statistics. 14. "System of vital statistics" includes the registration, collection, preservation, amendment, and certification of vital statistics records, and activities and records related thereto including the data processing, analysis, and publication of statistical data derived from such records. 15. "Vital statistics" means records of births, deaths, fetal deaths, adoptions, marriages, dissolutions, annulments, and data related thereto.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2317, 2384; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      141.1, 144.1; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.1] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         83 Acts, ch 101, § 21; 97 Acts, ch 159, §7; 99 Acts, ch 141, §14,
      15; 2000 Acts, ch 1148, §1; 2002 Acts, ch 1119, §200, 201
         Referred to in § 252A.2
        

144.2 DIVISION OF RECORDS AND STATISTICS. There is established in the department a division for records and statistics which shall install, maintain, and operate the system of vital statistics throughout the state. No system for the registration of births, deaths, fetal deaths, adoptions, marriages, dissolutions, and annulments, shall be maintained in the state or any of its political subdivisions other than the one provided for in this chapter. Suitable quarters shall be provided for the division by the executive council at the seat of government. The quarters shall be properly equipped for the permanent and safe preservation of all official records made and returned under this chapter.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2388, 2432; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.3, 144.49; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.2] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         83 Acts, ch 101, § 22
        

144.3 RULES ADOPTED. The department may adopt, amend, and repeal rules for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this chapter, in accordance with chapter 17A.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.3]
        

144.4 REGISTRAR. The director of public health shall be the state registrar of vital statistics and shall carry out the provisions of this chapter.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2387; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.2; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.4]
        

144.5 DUTIES OF REGISTRAR. The state registrar shall: 1. Administer and enforce this chapter and the rules issued hereunder, and issue instructions for the efficient administration of the statewide system of vital statistics and the division for records and statistics. 2. Direct and supervise the statewide system of vital statistics and the division for records and statistics and be custodian of its records. 3. Direct, supervise, and control the activities of clerks of the district court and county recorders related to the operation of the vital statistics system and provide registrars with necessary postage. 4. Prescribe, print, and distribute the forms required by this chapter and prescribe any other means for transmission of data, as necessary to accomplish complete, accurate reporting. 5. Prepare and publish annual reports of vital statistics of this state and other reports as may be required. 6. Delegate functions and duties vested in the state registrar to officers, to employees of the department, to the clerks of the district court, and to the county registrars as the state registrar deems necessary or expedient. 7. Provide, by rules, for appropriate morbidity reporting.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2393; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.8; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.5; 81 Acts, ch 64, § 1] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         88 Acts, ch 1158, §33; 95 Acts, ch 124, § 1, 2, 26; 97 Acts, ch
      159, §8
        

144.6 THROUGH 144.8 Repealed by 88 Acts, ch 1158, § 102.

144.9 COUNTY RECORDER AS REGISTRAR. The county recorder is the county registrar and with respect to the county shall: 1. Administer and enforce this chapter and the rules issued by the department. 2. Record and transmit the certificates, reports, or other returns filed with the county registrar to the state registrar at least semimonthly, or more frequently when directed by the state registrar.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, § 144.4, 144.10; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79,
      81, § 144.9] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         88 Acts, ch 1158, §34; 95 Acts, ch 124, § 3, 26
        

144.10 Repealed by 88 Acts, ch 1158, § 102.

144.11 PUBLIC ACCESS TO RECORDS. The county registrar shall allow public access to public records under the custody of the county registrar during normal business hours for county offices in the county.

         Section History: Recent Form

         95 Acts, ch 124, §4, 26
        

144.12 FORMS UNIFORM. In order to promote and maintain uniformity in the system of vital statistics, the forms of certificates, reports, and other returns shall include as a minimum the items recommended by the federal agency responsible for national vital statistics, subject to approval and modification by the department. Forms shall be furnished by the department. The forms or other recording methods used to register records required under this chapter shall be prescribed by the department.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.12] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         88 Acts, ch 1158, §35; 97 Acts, ch 159, §9
         Referred to in § 595.15
        

144.12A DECLARATION OF PATERNITY REGISTRY. 1. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires: a. "Child" means a person under eighteen years of age for whom paternity has not been established. b. "Court" means the juvenile court. c. "Father" means the male, biological parent of a child. d. "Putative father" means a man who is alleged to be or who claims to be the biological father of a child born to a woman to whom the man is not married at the time of the birth of the child. e. "Registrant" means a person who has registered pursuant to this section and who claims to be the father of a child. f. "Registrar" means the state registrar of vital statistics. g. "Registry" means the declaration of paternity registry established in this section. 2. a. The registrar shall establish a declaration of paternity registry to record the name, address, social security number, and any other identifying information required by rule of the department of a putative father who wishes to register under this section prior to the birth of a child and no later than the date of the filing of the petition for termination of parental rights. b. The declaration does not constitute an affidavit of paternity filed pursuant to section 252A.3 and declarations filed shall be maintained by the registrar in a registry distinct from the registry used to maintain affidavits of paternity filed pursuant to section 252A.3. A declaration of paternity filed with the registry may be used as evidence of paternity in an action to establish paternity or to determine a support obligation with respect to the putative father. c. Failure or refusal to file a declaration of paternity shall not be used as evidence to avoid a legally established obligation of financial support for a child. 3. A person who files a declaration of paternity with the registrar shall include in the declaration all of the following: a. The person's name, current address, social security number, and any other identifying information requested by the department. If the person filing the declaration of paternity changes the person's address, the person shall notify the registrar of the new address in a manner prescribed by the department. b. The name, last known address, and social security number, if known, of the mother of the child, or any other identifying information requested by the department. c. The name of the child, if known, and the date and location of the birth of the child, if known. d. The registrar shall accept a declaration of paternity filed in accordance with this section. e. The registrar shall forward a copy of the declaration to the mother as notification that the person has registered with the registry. f. The registrar shall accept and immediately register, upon receipt, a declaration of paternity without a fee and without the signature of the biological mother. The registrar may charge a reasonable fee as established by rule of the department for processing searches of the registry. 4. The department shall, upon request, provide the name, address, social security number, and any other identifying information of a registrant to the biological mother of the child; a court; the department of human services; the attorney of any party to an adoption, termination of parental rights, or establishment of paternity or support action; or to the child support recovery unit for an action to establish paternity or support. The information shall not be divulged to any other person and shall be considered a confidential record as to any other person, except upon order of the court for good cause shown. If the registry has not received a declaration of paternity, the department shall provide a written statement to that effect to the person making the inquiry. 5. a. Information provided to the registry may be revoked by the registrant by submission of a written statement signed and acknowledged by the registrant before a notary public. b. The statement shall include a declaration that to the best of the registrant's knowledge, the registrant is not the father of the named child or that paternity of the true father has been established. c. Revocation nullifies the registration and the information provided by the registrant shall be expunged. d. Revocation is effective only following the birth of the child. 6. The department shall adopt rules necessary to implement and administer this section. The rules shall include establishment of sites throughout the state for local distribution of declaration of paternity registration forms.

         Section History: Recent Form

         94 Acts, ch 1174, §2; 95 Acts, ch 67, § 12
         Referred to in § 22.7, 233.2, 252K.201, 600A.6, 600A.7
        

144.13 BIRTH CERTIFICATES. 1. Certificates of births shall be filed as follows: a. A certificate of birth for each live birth which occurs in this state shall be filed as directed by the state registrar within seven days after the birth and shall be registered by the county registrar if it has been completed and filed in accordance with this chapter. b. When a birth occurs in an institution or en route to an institution, the person in charge of the institution or the person's designated representative, shall obtain the personal data, prepare the certificate, and file the certificate as directed by the state registrar. The physician in attendance or the person in charge of the institution or the person's designee shall certify to the facts of birth either by signature or as otherwise authorized by rule and provide the medical information required by the certificate within seven days after the birth. c. When a birth occurs outside an institution and not en route to an institution, the certificate shall be prepared and filed by one of the following in the indicated order of priority: (1) The physician in attendance at or immediately after the birth. (2) Any other person in attendance at or immediately after the birth. (3) The father or the mother. (4) The person in charge of the premises where the birth occurred. The state registrar shall establish by rule the evidence required to establish the facts of birth. d. The state registrar may share information from birth certificates for the sole purpose of identifying those children in need of immunizations. e. If an affidavit of paternity is obtained directly from the county registrar and is filed pursuant to section 252A.3A the county registrar shall forward the original affidavit to the state registrar. 2. If the mother was married at the time of conception, birth, or at any time during the period between conception and birth, the name of the husband shall be entered on the certificate as the father of the child unless paternity has been determined otherwise by a court of competent jurisdiction, in which case the name of the father as determined by the court shall be entered by the department. 3. If the mother was not married at the time of conception, birth, and at any time during the period between conception and birth, the name of the father shall not be entered on the certificate of birth, unless a determination of paternity has been made pursuant to section 252A.3, in which case the name of the father as established shall be entered by the department. If the father is not named on the certificate of birth, no other information about the father shall be entered on the certificate. 4. The division shall make all of the following available to the child support recovery unit, upon request: a. A copy of a child's birth certificate. b. The social security numbers of the mother and the father. c. A copy of the affidavit of paternity if filed pursuant to section 252A.3A and any subsequent recision form which rescinds the affidavit. d. Information, other than information for medical and health use only, identified on a child's birth certificate or on an affidavit of paternity filed pursuant to section 252A.3A. The information may be provided as mutually agreed upon by the division and the child support recovery unit, including by automated exchange.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2397, 2398, 2399, 2400, 2401; C46, 50,
      54, 58, 62, 66, § 144.12--144.16; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.13]
      

         Section History: Recent Form

         88 Acts, ch 1158, § 36; 90 Acts, ch 1052, § 1; 92 Acts, ch 1097, §
      2; 93 Acts, ch 79, § 9; 93 Acts, ch 116, § 1; 94 Acts, ch 1171, §2,
      3; 95 Acts, ch 94, §1; 97 Acts, ch 159, §10--12; 97 Acts, ch 175, §
      223--225; 99 Acts, ch 141, §16
         Referred to in § 144.13A, 233.2, 252A.3A, 331.611
        

144.13A FEES -- USE OF FUNDS. 1. The state registrar shall charge the parent a fee for the registration of a certificate of birth as follows: a. Beginning July 1, 2003, and ending June 30, 2005, a fee of fifteen dollars. b. Beginning July 1, 2005, a fee of twenty dollars. 2. The state registrar shall charge the parent a separate fee established under section 144.46 for a certified copy of the certificate. The certified copy shall be mailed to the parent by the state registrar. The mailing of a certified copy of the certificate to a biological parent shall not be precluded by the execution of a release of custody under chapter 600A, and, upon request, a biological parent shall be provided with a certified copy of the certificate unless the parental rights of the biological parent are terminated. 3. If the person responsible for the filing of the certificate of birth under section 144.13 is not the parent, the person is entitled to collect the fee from the parent. The fee shall be remitted to the state registrar. If the expenses of the birth are reimbursed under the medical assistance program established by chapter 249A or if the parent is indigent and unable to pay the expenses of the birth and no other means of payment is available to the parent, the registration fee and certified copy fee are waived. If the person responsible for the filing of the certificate is not the parent, the person is discharged from the duty to collect and remit the fee under this section if the person has made a good faith effort to collect the fee from the parent. 4. The fees collected by the state registrar shall be remitted to the treasurer of state for deposit in the general fund of the state. a. Ten dollars of each registration fee is appropriated and shall be used for primary and secondary child abuse prevention programs pursuant to section 235A.1, and ten dollars of each registration fee is appropriated and shall be used for the center for congenital and inherited disorders central registry established pursuant to section 136A.6. Notwithstanding section 8.33, moneys appropriated in this paragraph that remain unencumbered or unobligated at the close of the fiscal year shall not revert but shall remain available for expenditure for the purposes designated until the close of the succeeding fiscal year, and shall not be transferred, used, obligated, appropriated, or otherwise encumbered except as provided in this paragraph. b. It is the intent of the general assembly that the funds generated from the fees as established under section 144.46 for the mailing of the certified copy of the birth certificate be appropriated and used to support the distribution of the automatic birth certificate and the implementation of the electronic birth certificate system.

         Section History: Recent Form

         85 Acts, ch 173, § 1; 87 Acts, ch 233, § 428; 88 Acts, ch 1158, §
      37; 91 Acts, ch 243, § 1; 92 Acts, ch 1097, § 3; 95 Acts, ch 124, §
      5, 26; 99 Acts, ch 96, §13; 99 Acts, ch 141, §17; 2003 Acts, ch 103,
      §1; 2004 Acts, ch 1031, §12; 2004 Acts, ch 1156, §1; 2004 Acts, ch
      1171, §1, 2; 2005 Acts, ch 167, §45, 66; 2005 Acts, ch 175, §82, 129;
      2006 Acts, ch 1155, §2, 15
         Referred to in § 232.2, 331.611, 600A.9
        

144.14 FOUNDLINGS. 1. A person who assumes the custody of a living infant of unknown parentage shall report on a form and in the manner prescribed by the state registrar within five days to the county registrar of the county in which the child was found, the following information: a. The date and place the child was found. b. The sex, color or race, and approximate age of the child. c. The name and address of the person or institution which has assumed custody of the child. d. The name given to the child by the custodian. e. Other data required by the state registrar. 2. The place where the child was found shall be entered as the place of birth and the date of birth shall be determined by approximation. A report registered under this section shall constitute the certificate of birth for the infant. 3. If the child is identified and a certificate of birth is found or obtained, any report registered under this section shall be sealed and filed and may be opened only by order of a court of competent jurisdiction or as provided by regulation.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.14] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         88 Acts, ch 1158, §38; 2009 Acts, ch 133, §44
         Referred to in § 233.2, 331.611
        

144.15 DELAYED REGISTRATIONS OF BIRTH. When the birth of a person born in this state has not been registered, a certificate may be filed in accordance with regulations. The certificate shall be registered subject to evidentiary requirements prescribed to substantiate the alleged facts of birth. Certificates of birth registered one year or more after the date of occurrence shall be marked "delayed" and shall show on their face the date of the delayed registration. A summary statement of the evidence submitted in support of the delayed registration shall be endorsed on the certificate. A delayed certificate of birth shall not be registered for a deceased person. When an applicant does not submit the substantiating evidence required for delayed registration or when the state registrar finds reason to question the validity or adequacy of the evidence, the state registrar shall not register the delayed certificate and shall advise the applicant of the reasons for this action. The registration official shall advise the applicant of the applicant's right of appeal to the district court pursuant to sections 144.17 and 144.18, which sections shall be applicable to such appeal notwithstanding the terms of the Iowa administrative procedure Act, chapter 17A. The department may by regulation provide for the dismissal of an application which is not actively prosecuted.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.15] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         97 Acts, ch 159, §13; 2003 Acts, ch 44, §114
         Referred to in § 144.17, 144.25, 331.611
        

144.16 DELAYED REGISTRATION OF DEATH OR MARRIAGE. When a death or marriage occurring in this state has not been registered, a certificate may be filed in accordance with regulations. Such certificate shall be registered subject to evidentiary requirements prescribed to substantiate the alleged facts of death or marriage. Certificates of death and marriage registered one year or more after the date of occurrence shall be marked "delayed" and shall show on their face the date of the delayed registration.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.16]
         Referred to in § 331.611
        

144.17 PETITION TO ESTABLISH CERTIFICATE. 1. If a delayed certificate of birth is rejected under the provisions of section 144.15, a petition may be filed with the district court for an order establishing a record of the date and place of the birth and the parentage of the person whose birth is to be registered. 2. a. The petition shall be made on a form prescribed and furnished by the state registrar and shall allege: (1) That the person for whom a delayed certificate of birth is sought was born in this state. (2) That no record of birth of that person can be found in the office of the state or county custodian of birth records. (3) That diligent efforts by the petitioner have failed to obtain the evidence required in accordance with section 144.15. (4) That the state registrar has refused to register a delayed certificate of birth. (5) Such other allegations as may be required. b. The petition shall be accompanied by a statement of the registration official made in accordance with section 144.15 and all documentary evidence which was submitted to the registration official in support of such registration. The petition shall be verified by the petitioner.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.17] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         88 Acts, ch 1158, §39; 2009 Acts, ch 41, §193
         Referred to in § 144.15, 144.25, 331.611
        

144.18 COURT HEARING. The court shall fix a time and place for hearing the petition and shall give the registration official who refused to register the petitioner's delayed certificate of birth at least ten days' notice of such hearing. If both persons to be named as parents are not a party to the petition, such person or persons, if living, shall also be given at least ten days' notice of the hearing. The court shall prescribe the manner of such notice. Such official, or the official's authorized representative, may appear and testify in the proceeding. If the court from the evidence presented finds that the person for whom a delayed certificate of birth is sought was born in this state, it shall make findings as the case may require and shall issue an order on a form prescribed and furnished by the state registrar to establish a record of birth. The order shall include the birth data to be registered, a description of the evidence presented, and the date of the court's action. The clerks of the district court shall forward each order to the state registrar not later than the tenth day of the calendar month following the month in which it was entered. The order shall be registered by the state registrar and shall constitute the record of birth, from which copies may be issued in accordance with sections 144.42 to 144.46, inclusive.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.18]
         Referred to in § 144.15, 144.25, 331.611
        

144.19 ADOPTION CERTIFICATE. For each adoption decreed by any court in this state, the court shall require the preparation of a certificate of adoption on a form prescribed and furnished by the state registrar. The certificate shall include a report of the facts necessary to locate and identify the certificate of birth of the person adopted, provide information necessary to establish a new certificate of birth of the person adopted, identify the order of adoption, and be certified by the clerk of the court. A fee established by the department by rule based on average administrative cost shall be collected for the preparation of a certificate of adoption. Fees collected under this section shall be deposited in the general fund of the state.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, § 144.44; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, §
      144.19; 81 Acts, ch 64, § 4]
         Referred to in § 144.23, 600.13
        

144.20 INFORMATION. Information in the possession of the petitioner necessary to prepare the adoption report shall be furnished with the petition for adoption by each petitioner for adoption or the petitioner's attorney. The social agency, welfare agency, or other person concerned shall supply the court with such additional information in their possession as necessary to complete the certificate. The provision of such information shall be submitted to the court prior to the issuance of a final decree in the matter by the court, unless found by the court to be unavailable after diligent inquiry.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.20]
        

144.21 AMENDED RECORD. Whenever an adoption decree is amended or annulled, the clerk of the court shall prepare a certificate, which shall include facts necessary to identify the original adoption report, and facts in the adoption decree necessary to properly amend the birth record.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, § 144.44; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, §
      144.21]
        

144.22 CLERK TO REPORT TO STATE REGISTRAR. Not later than the tenth day of each calendar month, the clerk of the court shall forward to the state registrar certificates of adoption, or amendment or annulment of adoption, entered in the preceding month, together with such related reports as the state registrar requires. The state registrar, upon receipt from a court of a certificate of adoption, or amendment or annulment of adoption, for a person born outside this state shall forward the certificate to the appropriate registration authority in the state of birth.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, § 144.44; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, §
      144.22]
        

144.23 STATE REGISTRAR TO ISSUE NEW CERTIFICATE. The state registrar shall establish a new certificate of birth for a person born in this state, when the state registrar receives the following: 1. An adoption report as provided in section 144.19, or a certified copy of the decree of adoption together with the information necessary to identify the original certificate of birth and to establish a new certificate of birth. 2. A request that a new certificate be established and evidence proving that the person for whom the new certificate is requested has been legitimated, or that a court of competent jurisdiction has determined the paternity of the person. 3. A notarized affidavit by a licensed physician and surgeon or osteopathic physician and surgeon stating that by reason of surgery or other treatment by the licensee, the sex designation of the person has been changed. The state registrar may make a further investigation or require further information necessary to determine whether a sex change has occurred.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2406; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.21, 144.44; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.23] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         2002 Acts, ch 1040, §1, 5; 2005 Acts, ch 89, §12
         Referred to in § 600.13
        

144.24 SUBSTITUTING NEW FOR ORIGINAL BIRTH CERTIFICATES -- INSPECTION. If a new certificate of birth is established, the actual place and date of birth shall be shown on the certificate. The certificate shall be substituted for the original certificate of birth. Thereafter, the original certificate and the evidence of adoption, paternity, legitimation, or sex change shall not be subject to inspection except under order of a court of competent jurisdiction, including but not limited to an order issued pursuant to section 600.16A, or as provided by administrative rule for statistical or administrative purposes only. However, the state registrar shall, upon the application of an adult adopted person, a biological parent, an adoptive parent, or the legal representative of the adult adopted person, the biological parent, or the adoptive parent, inspect the original certificate and the evidence of adoption and reveal to the applicant the date of the adoption and the name and address of the court which issued the adoption decree.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2406; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.21, 144.44; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.24] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         91 Acts, ch 243, §2; 99 Acts, ch 141, §18
        

144.25 NO PREVIOUS CERTIFICATE -- PROCEDURE. If no certificate of birth is on file for the person for whom a new certificate is to be established, a delayed certificate of birth shall be filed with the state registrar as provided in section 144.15, or sections 144.17 and 144.18, before a new certificate of birth is established, except that when the date and place of birth and parentage have been established in the adoption proceedings, a delayed certificate shall not be required. When a new certificate of birth is established by the state registrar, all copies of the original certificate of birth in the custody of any custodian of permanent local records in this state shall be sealed from inspection or forwarded to the state registrar of vital statistics, as the state registrar shall direct.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.25]
        

144.25A CERTIFICATE OF BIRTH -- FOREIGN AND INTERNATIONAL ADOPTIONS. The department shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 17A to establish a procedure for the issuance of a certificate of birth for children adopted pursuant to section 600.15.

         Section History: Recent Form

         2002 Acts, ch 1040, §2, 5
        

144.26 DEATH CERTIFICATE. 1. A death certificate for each death which occurs in this state shall be filed as directed by the state registrar within three days after the death and prior to final disposition, and shall be registered by the county registrar if it has been completed and filed in accordance with this chapter. A death certificate shall include the social security number, if provided, of the deceased person. All information including the certifying physician's name shall be typewritten. 2. All information included on a death certificate may be provided as mutually agreed upon by the division and the child support recovery unit, including by automated exchange. 3. The county in which a dead body is found is the county of death. If death occurs in a moving conveyance, the county in which the dead body is first removed from the conveyance is the county of death. 4. a. The department shall establish by rule procedures for making a finding of presumption of death when no body can be found. The department shall also provide by rule the responsibility for completing and signing the medical certification of cause of death in such circumstances. The presumptive death certificate shall be in a form prescribed by the state registrar and filed in the county where the death was presumed to occur. b. The division shall provide for the correction, substitution, or removal of a presumptive death certificate when the body of the person is later found, additional facts are discovered, or the person is discovered to be alive.

         Section History: Early Form

         [SS15, § 587-b; C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2319; C46, 50, 54, 58,
      62, 66, § 141.3; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, S81, § 144.26; 81 Acts, ch
      64, § 5] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         88 Acts, ch 1158, §40; 97 Acts, ch 159, §14; 97 Acts, ch 175,
      §226; 2002 Acts, ch 1108, §11
         Referred to in § 144.35, 331.611, 633.520
        

144.27 FUNERAL DIRECTOR'S DUTY. The funeral director who first assumes custody of a dead body shall file the death certificate, obtain the personal data from the next of kin or the best qualified person or source available and obtain the medical certification of cause of death from the person responsible for completing the certification. When a person other than a funeral director assumes custody of a dead body, the person shall be responsible for carrying out the provisions of this section.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2321; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      141.5; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.27] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         97 Acts, ch 159, §15
         Referred to in § 331.611
        

144.28 MEDICAL CERTIFICATION. 1. a. For the purposes of this section, "nonnatural cause of death" means the death is a direct or indirect result of physical, chemical, thermal, or electrical trauma, or drug or alcohol intoxication or other poisoning. b. Unless there is a nonnatural cause of death, the medical certification shall be completed and signed by the physician in charge of the patient's care for the illness or condition which resulted in death within seventy-two hours after receipt of the death certificate from the funeral director or individual who initially assumes custody of the body. c. If there is a nonnatural cause of death, the county or state medical examiner shall be notified and shall conduct an inquiry. d. If the decedent was an infant or child and the cause of death is not known, a medical examiner's inquiry shall be conducted and an autopsy performed as necessary to exclude a nonnatural cause of death. e. If upon inquiry into a death, the county or state medical examiner determines that a preexisting natural disease or condition was the likely cause of death and that the death does not affect the public interest as described in section 331.802, subsection 3, the medical examiner may elect to defer to the physician in charge of the patient's preexisting condition the certification of the cause of death. f. When an inquiry is required by the county or state medical examiner, the medical examiner shall investigate the cause and manner of death and shall complete and sign the medical certification within seventy-two hours after determination of the cause and manner of death. 2. The person completing the medical certification of cause of death shall attest to its accuracy either by signature or by an electronic process approved by rule.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2320; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      141.4(18); C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.28] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         97 Acts, ch 159, §16; 2002 Acts, ch 1098, §2; 2007 Acts, ch 159,
      §26; 2008 Acts, ch 1058, §13
         Referred to in § 144.35, 331.611
        

144.29 FETAL DEATHS. A fetal death certificate for each fetal death which occurs in this state after a gestation period of twenty completed weeks or greater, or for a fetus with a weight of three hundred fifty grams or more shall be filed as directed by the state registrar within three days after delivery and prior to final disposition of the fetus. The certificate shall be registered if it has been completed and filed in accordance with this chapter. The county in which a dead fetus is found is the county of death. The certificate shall be filed within three days after the fetus is found. If a fetal death occurs in a moving conveyance, the county in which the fetus is first removed from the conveyance is the county of death.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2405; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.20; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.29] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         88 Acts, ch 1158, §41; 97 Acts, ch 159, §17
         Referred to in § 144.35, 331.611
        

144.29A TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY REPORTING. 1. A health care provider who initially identifies and diagnoses a spontaneous termination of pregnancy or who induces a termination of pregnancy shall file with the department a report for each termination within thirty days of the occurrence. The health care provider shall make a good faith effort to obtain all of the following information that is available with respect to each termination: a. The confidential health care provider code as assigned by the department. b. The report tracking number. c. The maternal health services region of the Iowa department of public health, as designated as of July 1, 1997, in which the patient resides. d. The race of the patient. e. The age of the patient. f. The marital status of the patient. g. The educational level of the patient. h. The number of previous pregnancies, live births, and spontaneous or induced terminations of pregnancies. i. The month and year in which the termination occurred. j. The number of weeks since the patient's last menstrual period and a clinical estimate of gestation. k. The method used for an induced termination, including whether mifepristone was used. 2. It is the intent of the general assembly that the information shall be collected, reproduced, released, and disclosed in a manner specified by rule of the department, adopted pursuant to chapter 17A, which ensures the anonymity of the patient who experiences a termination of pregnancy, the health care provider who identifies and diagnoses or induces a termination of pregnancy, and the hospital, clinic, or other health facility in which a termination of pregnancy is identified and diagnosed or induced. The department may share information with federal public health officials for the purposes of securing federal funding or conducting public health research. However, in sharing the information, the department shall not relinquish control of the information, and any agreement entered into by the department with federal public health officials to share information shall prohibit the use, reproduction, release, or disclosure of the information by federal public health officials in a manner which violates this section. The department shall publish, annually, a demographic summary of the information obtained pursuant to this section, except that the department shall not reproduce, release, or disclose any information obtained pursuant to this section which reveals the identity of any patient, health care provider, hospital, clinic, or other health facility, and shall ensure anonymity in the following ways: a. The department may use information concerning the report tracking number or concerning the identity of a reporting health care provider, hospital, clinic, or other health facility only for purposes of information collection. The department shall not reproduce, release, or disclose this information for any purpose other than for use in annually publishing the demographic summary under this section. b. The department shall enter the information, from any report of termination submitted, within thirty days of receipt of the report, and shall immediately destroy the report following entry of the information. However, entry of the information from a report shall not include any health care provider, hospital, clinic, or other health facility identification information including, but not limited to, the confidential health care provider code, as assigned by the department. c. To protect confidentiality, the department shall limit release of information to release in an aggregate form which prevents identification of any individual patient, health care provider, hospital, clinic, or other health facility. For the purposes of this paragraph, "aggregate form" means a compilation of the information received by the department on termination of pregnancies for each information item listed, with the exceptions of the report tracking number, the health care provider code, and any set of information for which the amount is so small that the confidentiality of any person to whom the information relates may be compromised. The department shall establish a methodology to provide a statistically verifiable basis for any determination of the correct amount at which information may be released so that the confidentiality of any person is not compromised. 3. Except as specified in subsection 2, reports, information, and records submitted and maintained pursuant to this section are strictly confidential and shall not be released or made public upon subpoena, search warrant, discovery proceedings, or by any other means. 4. The department shall assign a code to any health care provider who may be required to report a termination under this section. An application procedure shall not be required for assignment of a code to a health care provider. 5. A health care provider shall assign a report tracking number which enables the health care provider to access the patient's medical information without identifying the patient. 6. To ensure proper performance of the reporting requirements under this section, it is preferred that a health care provider who practices within a hospital, clinic, or other health facility authorize one staff person to fulfill the reporting requirements. 7. For the purposes of this section, "health care provider" means an individual licensed under chapter 148, 148C, 148D, or 152, or any individual who provides medical services under the authorization of the licensee. 8. For the purposes of this section, "inducing a termination of pregnancy" means the use of any means to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant with the intent other than to produce a live birth or to remove a dead fetus. 9. For the purposes of this section, "spontaneous termination of pregnancy" means the occurrence of an unintended termination of pregnancy at any time during the period from conception to twenty weeks gestation and which is not a spontaneous termination of pregnancy at any time during the period from twenty weeks or greater which is reported to the department as a fetal death under this chapter.

         Section History: Recent Form

         97 Acts, ch 172, §1; 2003 Acts, ch 42, §1; 2008 Acts, ch 1088, §94

         Referred to in § 144.52, 331.611
        

144.30 FUNERAL DIRECTOR'S DUTY -- FETAL DEATH CERTIFICATE. The funeral director who first assumes custody of a fetus shall file the fetal death certificate. In the absence of such a person, the physician or other person in attendance at or after the delivery shall file the certificate of fetal death. The person filing the certificate shall obtain the personal data from the next of kin or the best qualified person or source available and shall obtain the medical certification of cause of death from the person responsible for completing the certification. When a person other than a funeral director assumes custody of a fetus, the person shall be responsible for carrying out the provisions of this section.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.30] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         97 Acts, ch 159, §18
         Referred to in § 331.611
        

144.31 MEDICAL CERTIFICATION -- FETAL DEATH. The medical certification shall be completed within twenty-four hours after delivery by the physician in attendance at or after delivery except when inquiry is required by the county medical examiner. When a fetal death occurs without medical attendance upon the mother at or after delivery or when inquiry is required by the county medical examiner, the medical examiner shall investigate the cause of fetal death and shall complete the medical certification within twenty-four hours after taking charge of the case. The person completing the medical certification of cause of fetal death shall attest to its accuracy either by signature or as authorized by rule.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2322, 2323, 2405; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62,
      66, § 141.6, 141.7, 144.20; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.31] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         97 Acts, ch 159, §19
         Referred to in § 144.35, 331.611
        

144.32 BURIAL TRANSIT PERMIT. If a person other than a funeral director, medical examiner, or emergency medical service assumes custody of a dead body or fetus, the person shall secure a burial transit permit. To be valid, the burial transit permit must be issued by the county medical examiner, a funeral director, or the county registrar of the county where the certificate of death or fetal death was filed. The permit shall be obtained prior to the removal of the body or fetus from the place of death and the permit shall accompany the body or fetus to the place of final disposition. To transfer a dead body or fetus outside of this state, the funeral director who first assumes custody of the dead body or fetus shall obtain a burial transit permit prior to the transfer. The permit shall accompany the dead body or fetus to the place of final disposition. A dead body or fetus brought into this state for final disposition shall be accompanied by a burial transit permit under the law of the state in which the death occurred. A burial transit permit shall not be issued to a person other than a funeral director when the cause of death is or is suspected to be a communicable disease as defined by rule of the department.

         Section History: Recent Form

         93 Acts, ch 139, § 5; 97 Acts, ch 159, §20
         Referred to in § 156.2, 331.611, 331.804, 523I.309
        

144.33 BODIES BROUGHT INTO STATE. A burial transit permit issued under the law of another state which accompanies a dead body or fetus brought into this state shall be authority for final disposition of the body or fetus in this state.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2324; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      141.18; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.33]
         Referred to in § 331.611
        

144.34 DISINTERMENT -- PERMIT. Disinterment of a dead body or fetus shall be allowed for the purpose of autopsy or reburial only, and then only if accomplished by a funeral director. A permit for such disinterment and, thereafter, reinterment shall be issued by the state registrar according to rules adopted pursuant to chapter 17A or when ordered by the district court of the county in which such body is buried. The state registrar, without a court order, shall not issue a permit without the consent of the person authorized to control the decedent's remains under section 144C.5. Disinterment for the purpose of reburial may be allowed by court order only upon a showing of substantial benefit to the public. Disinterment for the purpose of autopsy or reburial by court order shall be allowed only when reasonable cause is shown that someone is criminally or civilly responsible for such death, after hearing, upon reasonable notice prescribed by the court to the person authorized to control the decedent's remains under section 144C.5. Due consideration shall be given to the public health, the dead, and the feelings of relatives.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2337, 2338; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      141.21, 141.22; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.34] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         2008 Acts, ch 1051, §2, 22
         Referred to in § 144.52, 331.611, 523I.309, 523I.402
        

144.35 EXTENSIONS OF TIME BY RULES. The department may, by regulation and upon such conditions as it may prescribe to assure compliance with the purposes of this chapter, provide for extension of the periods prescribed in sections 144.26, 144.28, 144.29, and 144.31, for filing of death certificates, fetal death certificates, and medical certifications of cause of death in cases in which compliance with the applicable prescribed period would result in undue hardship.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2318; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      141.2(2); C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.35] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         91 Acts, ch 116, §2
         Referred to in § 331.611
        

144.36 MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE FILED -- PROHIBITED INFORMATION. 1. A certificate recording each marriage performed in this state shall be filed with the state registrar. The county registrar shall prepare the certificate on the form furnished by the state registrar upon the basis of information obtained from the parties to be married, who shall attest to the information by their signatures. The county registrar in each county shall keep a record book for marriages. The form of marriage record books shall be uniform throughout the state. A properly indexed permanent record of marriage certificates upon microfilm, electronic computer, or data processing equipment may be kept in lieu of marriage record books. 2. Every person who performs a marriage shall certify the fact of marriage and return the certificate to the county registrar within fifteen days after the ceremony. The certificate shall be signed by the witnesses to the ceremony and the person performing the ceremony. 3. The certificate of marriage shall not contain information concerning the race of the married persons, previous marriages of the married persons, or the educational level of the married persons. 4. The county registrar shall record and forward to the state registrar on or before the tenth day of each calendar month the original certificates of marriages filed with the county registrar during the preceding calendar month and the fees collected by the county registrar on behalf of the state for applications for a license to marry in accordance with section 331.605, subsection 7.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2421, 2422, 2425; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62,
      66, § 144.36, 144.37, 144.40; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.36] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         83 Acts, ch 186, § 10048, 10201; 85 Acts, ch 195, §18; 95 Acts, ch
      124, § 6, 26; 99 Acts, ch 114, §6
         Referred to in § 331.611, 595.16A
         See also § 595.13 for certificate
        

144.37 DISSOLUTION AND ANNULMENT RECORDS. For each dissolution or annulment of marriage granted by any court in this state, a record shall be prepared by the clerk of court or by the petitioner or the petitioner's legal representative if directed by the clerk and filed by the clerk of court with the state registrar. The information necessary to prepare the report shall be furnished with the petition, to the clerk of court by the petitioner or the petitioner's legal representative, on forms supplied by the state registrar. The clerk of the district court in each county shall keep a record book for dissolutions. The form of dissolution record books shall be uniform throughout the state. A properly indexed record of dissolutions upon microfilm, electronic computer, or data processing equipment may be kept in lieu of dissolution record books. On or before the tenth day of each calendar month, the clerk of court shall forward to the state registrar the record of each dissolution and annulment granted during the preceding calendar month and related reports required by regulations issued under this chapter.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2421, 2423, 2425; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62,
      66, § 144.36, 144.38, 144.40; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.37; 81
      Acts, ch 64, § 6; 82 Acts, ch 1100, § 1] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         83 Acts, ch 101, § 23; 83 Acts, ch 186, § 10049, 10201; 85 Acts,
      ch 195, §19
        

144.38 AMENDMENT OF OFFICIAL RECORD. To protect the integrity and accuracy of vital statistics records, a certificate or record registered under this chapter may be amended only in accordance with this chapter and regulations adopted hereunder. A certificate that is amended under this section shall be marked "amended" except as provided in section 144.40. The date of amendment and a summary description of the evidence submitted in support of the amendment shall be endorsed on or made a part of the record. The department shall prescribe by regulation the conditions under which additions or minor corrections shall be made to birth certificates within one year after the date of birth without the certificate being marked "amended".

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2402, 2404; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.17, 144.19, 144.44, 144.45; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.38]
         Referred to in § 144.41
        

144.39 CHANGE OF NAME. Upon receipt of a certified copy of a court order from a court of competent jurisdiction or certificate of the clerk of court pursuant to chapter 674 changing the name of a person born in this state, the state registrar shall amend the certificate of birth to reflect the new name. A fee established by the department by rule based on average administrative cost shall be collected to amend the certificate of birth to reflect a new name. Fees collected under this section shall be deposited in the general fund of the state.

         Section History: Early Form


         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.39; 81 Acts, ch 64, § 7] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         2009 Acts, ch 56, §1
         Referred to in § 144.41
        

144.40 PATERNITY OF CHILDREN -- BIRTH CERTIFICATES. Upon request and receipt of an affidavit of paternity completed and filed pursuant to section 252A.3A, or a certified copy or notification by the clerk of court of a court or administrative order establishing paternity, the state registrar shall establish a new certificate of birth to show paternity if paternity is not shown on the birth certificate. Upon written request of the parents on the affidavit of paternity, the surname of the child may be changed on the certificate to that of the father. The certificate shall not be marked "amended". The original certificate and supporting documentation shall be maintained in a sealed file; however, a photocopy of the paternity affidavit filed pursuant to section 252A.3A and clearly labeled as a copy may be provided to a parent named on the affidavit of paternity.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2406; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.21; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.40; 81 Acts, ch 64, § 8] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         93 Acts, ch 79, §10; 94 Acts, ch 1171, §4; 2005 Acts, ch 89, §13
         Referred to in § 144.38, 144.41
        

144.41 AMENDING LOCAL RECORDS. When a certificate is amended under sections 144.38 to 144.40 the state registrar shall report the amendment to the custodian of any permanent local records and such records shall be amended accordingly.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.41]
        

144.42 REPRODUCTION OF ORIGINAL RECORDS. To preserve original documents, the state registrar may prepare typewritten, photographic, or other reproductions of original records and files in the state registrar's office. Such reproductions when certified by the state registrar shall be accepted as the original record.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.42; 81 Acts, ch 64, § 9]
         Referred to in § 144.18
        

144.43 VITAL RECORDS CLOSED TO INSPECTION -- EXCEPTIONS. 1. To protect the integrity of vital statistics records, to ensure their proper use, and to ensure the efficient and proper administration of the vital statistics system kept by the state registrar, access to vital statistics records kept by the state registrar shall be limited to the state registrar and the state registrar's employees, and then only for administrative purposes. 2. a. It shall be unlawful for the state registrar to permit inspection of, or to disclose information contained in vital statistics records, or to copy or permit to be copied all or part of any such record except as authorized by regulation. b. However, the following vital statistics records may be inspected and copied as of right under chapter 22 when they are in the custody of a county registrar or when they are in the custody of the state archivist and are at least seventy-five years old: (1) A record of birth. (2) A record of marriage. (3) A record of divorce, dissolution of marriage, or annulment of marriage. (4) A record of death if that death was not a fetal death. 3. A public record shall not be withheld from the public because it is combined with data processing software. The state registrar shall not implement any electronic data processing system for the storage, manipulation, or retrieval of vital records that would impair a county registrar's ability to permit the examination of a public record and the copying of a public record, as established by rule. If it is necessary to separate a public record from data processing software in order to permit the examination of the public record, the county registrar shall periodically generate a written log available for public inspection which contains the public record.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, § 144.45; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, S81,
      § 144.43; 81 Acts, ch 64, § 10; 82 Acts, ch 1100, § 2] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         88 Acts, ch 1158, §43; 90 Acts, ch 1025, § 1; 94 Acts, ch 1171,
      §5; 97 Acts, ch 159, §21; 2009 Acts, ch 41, §194
         Referred to in § 144.18, 233.2
        

144.43A MUTUAL CONSENT VOLUNTARY ADOPTION REGISTRY. 1. In addition to other procedures by which birth certificates may be inspected under this chapter, the state registrar shall establish a mutual consent voluntary adoption registry through which adult adopted children, adult siblings, and the biological parents of adult adoptees may register to obtain identifying birth information. 2. If all of the following conditions are met, the state registrar shall reveal the identity of the biological parent to the adult adopted child or the identity of the adult adopted child to the biological parent, shall notify the parties involved that the requests have been matched, and shall disclose the identifying information to those parties: a. A biological parent has filed a request and provided consent to the revelation of the biological parent's identity to the adult adopted child, upon request of the adult adopted child. b. An adult adopted child has filed a request and provided consent to the revelation of the identity of the adult adopted child to a biological parent, upon request of the biological parent. c. The state registrar has been provided sufficient information to make the requested match. 3. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, if the adult adopted person has a sibling who is a minor and who has also been adopted, the state registrar shall not grant the request of either the adult adopted person or the biological parent to reveal the identities of the parties. 4. If all of the following conditions are met, the state registrar shall reveal the identity of the adult adopted child to an adult sibling and shall notify the parties involved that the requests have been matched, and disclose the identifying information to those parties: a. An adult adopted child has filed a request and provided consent to the revelation of the adult adopted child's identity to an adult sibling. b. The adult sibling has filed a request and provided consent to the revelation of the identity of the adult sibling to the adult adopted child. c. The state registrar has been provided with sufficient information to make the requested match. 5. A person who has filed a request or provided consent under this section may withdraw the consent at any time prior to the release of any information by filing a written withdrawal of consent statement with the state registrar. The adult adoptee, adult sibling, and biological parent shall notify the state registrar of any change in the information contained in a filed request or consent. 6. The state registrar shall establish a fee by rule based on the average administrative costs for providing services under this section.

         Section History: Recent Form

         99 Acts, ch 141, §19
         Referred to in §144.18
        

144.44 PERMITS FOR RESEARCH. The department may permit access to vital statistics by professional genealogists and historians, and may authorize the disclosure of data contained in vital statistics records when deemed essential for bona fide research purposes which are not for private gain. The department shall adopt rules which establish the parameters for access to and authorized disclosure of vital statistics and data contained in vital statistics records relating to birth and adoption records under this section.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2406, 2415; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.21, 144.30; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.44] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         94 Acts, ch 1171, §6
         Referred to in § 144.18, 144.46
        

144.45 CERTIFIED COPIES. The state registrar and the county registrar shall, upon written request from any applicant entitled to a record, issue a certified copy of any certificate or record in the registrar's custody or of a part of a certificate or record. Each copy issued shall show the date of registration; and copies issued from records marked "delayed", "amended", or "court order" shall be similarly marked and show the effective date. A certified copy of a certificate, or any part thereof, shall be considered for all purposes the same as the original and shall be prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated, provided that the evidentiary value of a certificate or record filed more than one year after the event, or a record which has been amended, shall be determined by the judicial or administrative body or official before whom the certificate is offered as evidence. The national division of vital statistics may be furnished copies or data which it requires for national statistics, provided that the state be reimbursed for the cost of furnishing data, and provided further that data shall not be used for other than statistical purposes by the national division of vital statistics unless so authorized by the state registrar. Federal, state, local, and other public or private agencies may, upon written request, be furnished copies or data for statistical purposes upon terms or conditions prescribed by the department. No person shall prepare or issue any certificate which purports to be an original, certified copy, or copy of a certificate of birth, death, fetal death, or marriage except as authorized in this chapter.

         Section History: Early Form

         [S13, § 2575-a45; C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2349, 2416, 2426, 2429,
      2431; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, § 141.33, 144.31, 144.41, 144.46,
      144.48; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.45] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         95 Acts, ch 124, § 7, 26
         Referred to in § 144.18, 144.46, 331.611
        

144.45A COMMEMORATIVE BIRTH AND MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES. Upon application and payment of a thirty-five dollar fee, the director may issue a commemorative copy of a certificate of birth or a certificate of marriage. Fees collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the emergency medical services fund established in section 135.25 to support the development and enhancement of emergency medical services systems and emergency medical services for children.

         Section History: Recent Form

         97 Acts, ch 203, §20
         Referred to in § 144.18
        

144.46 FEES. 1. The department by rule shall establish fees based on the average administrative cost which shall be collected by the state registrar or the county registrar for each of the following: a. A certified copy or short form certification of a certificate or record. b. A search of the files or records when no copy is made, or when no record is found on file. c. A copy of a certificate or record or a vital statistics data file provided to a researcher in accordance with section 144.44. d. A copy of a certificate or record or a vital statistics data file provided to a federal, state, local, or other public or private agency for statistical purposes in accordance with section 144.45. e. Verification or certification of vital statistics data provided to a federal, state, or local governmental agency authorized by rule to receive such data. 2. Fees collected by the state registrar and by the county registrar on behalf of the state under this section shall be deposited in the general fund of the state and the vital records fund established in section 144.46A in accordance with an apportionment established by rule. Fees collected by the county registrar pursuant to section 331.605, subsection 6, shall be deposited in the county general fund.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2417, 2418, 2427; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62,
      66, § 144.32, 144.33, 144.42; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, S81, § 144.46;
      81 Acts, ch 64, § 11] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         83 Acts, ch 123, § 68, 209; 83 Acts, ch 186, § 10050, 10201; 94
      Acts, ch 1074, §1; 95 Acts, ch 124, § 8, 26; 99 Acts, ch 114, §7;
      2007 Acts, ch 159, §27
         Referred to in § 144.13A, 144.18, 144.46A, 232.2, 331.611, 600.13
        

144.46A VITAL RECORDS FUND. 1. A vital records fund is created under the control of the department. Moneys in the fund shall be used for purposes of the purchase and maintenance of an electronic system for vital records scanning, data capture, data reporting, storage, and retrieval, and for all registration and issuance activities. Moneys in the fund may also be used for other related purposes including but not limited to the streamlining of administrative procedures and electronically linking offices of county registrars to state vital records so that the records may be issued at the county level. 2. Moneys credited to the fund pursuant to section 144.46 and otherwise are appropriated to the department to be used for the purposes designated in subsection 1. Notwithstanding section 8.33, moneys credited to the fund that remain unencumbered or unobligated at the close of the fiscal year shall not revert to any fund but shall remain available for expenditure for the purposes designated.

         Section History: Recent Form

         2005 Acts, ch 175, §83; 2007 Acts, ch 159, §28
         Referred to in § 144.46
        

144.47 PERSONS CONFINED IN INSTITUTIONS. Every person in charge of an institution shall keep a record of personal particulars and data concerning each person admitted or confined to the institution. This record shall include information required by the standard certificate of birth, death, and fetal death forms issued under the provisions of this chapter. The record shall be made at the time of admission from information provided by such person, but when it cannot be so obtained, the same shall be obtained from relatives or other persons acquainted with the facts. The name and address of the person providing the information shall be a part of the record.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2407, 2408, 2409; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62,
      66, § 144.22, 144.23, 144.24; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.47]
         Referred to in § 144.50
        

144.48 INSTITUTIONAL DEAD PERSONS. When a dead human body is released or disposed of by an institution, the person in charge of the institution shall keep a record showing the name of the deceased, date of death, name and address of the person to whom the body is released, date of removal from the institution, or if finally disposed of by the institution, the date, place, and manner of disposition shall be recorded.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2407; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.22; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.48]
         Referred to in § 144.50
        

144.49 ADDITIONAL RECORD BY FUNERAL DIRECTOR. A funeral director or other person who removes from the place of death or transports or finally disposes of a dead body or fetus, in addition to filing any certificate or other form required by this chapter, shall keep a record which shall identify the body, and information pertaining to the funeral director's or other person's receipt, removal, and delivery of the body as prescribed by the department.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2414; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.29; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.49]
         Referred to in § 144.50
        

144.50 LENGTH OF TIME RECORDS TO BE KEPT. Records maintained under sections 144.47 to 144.49 shall be retained for a period of not less than ten years and shall be made available for inspection by the state registrar or the state registrar's representative upon demand.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.50]
        

144.51 INFORMATION BY OTHERS FURNISHED ON DEMAND. Any person having knowledge of the facts shall furnish information the person possesses regarding any birth, death, fetal death, adoption, marriage, dissolution, or annulment, upon demand of the state registrar or the state registrar's representative.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2403, 2414; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.18, 144.29; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.51] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         83 Acts, ch 101, § 24
        

144.52 UNLAWFUL ACTS -- PUNISHMENT. Any person committing any of the following acts is guilty of a serious misdemeanor: 1. Willfully and knowingly makes any false statement in a report, record, or certificate required to be filed under this chapter, or in an application for an amendment thereof, or willfully and knowingly supplies false information intending that such information be used in the preparation of any such report, record, or certificate, or amendment thereof. 2. Without lawful authority and with the intent to deceive, makes, alters, amends, or mutilates any report, record, or certificate required to be filed under this chapter or a certified copy of such report, record, or certificate. 3. Willfully and knowingly uses or attempts to use or furnish to another for use for any purpose of deception, any certificate, record, report, or certified copy thereof so made, altered, amended, or mutilated. 4. Willfully, with the intent to deceive, uses or attempts to use any certificate of birth or certified copy of a record of birth knowing that such certificate or certified copy was issued upon a record which is false in whole or in part or which relates to the birth of another person. 5. Willfully and knowingly furnishes a certificate of birth or certified copy of a record of birth with the intention that it be used by a person other than the person whose birth the record relates. 6. Disinterring a body in violation of section 144.34. 7. Knowingly violates a provision of section 144.29A.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2349, 2350, 2436; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62,
      66, § 141.33, 141.34, 144.53, 144.54; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, §
      144.52] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         97 Acts, ch 172, §2
        

144.53 MISDEMEANORS. Any person committing any of the following acts is guilty of a simple misdemeanor: 1. Knowingly transports or accepts for transportation, interment, or other disposition a dead body without an accompanying permit as provided in this chapter. 2. Refuses to provide information required by this chapter. 3. Willfully violates any of the provisions of this chapter or refuses to perform any of the duties imposed upon the person by this chapter.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2350, 2436; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      141.34, 144.53; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.53]
        

144.54 REPORT TO COUNTY ATTORNEY. The department shall report cases of alleged violations to the proper county attorney, with a statement of the facts and circumstances, for such action as is appropriate.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C27, 31, 35, 39, § 2434; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, § 144.51;
      C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.54]
        

144.55 ATTORNEY GENERAL TO ASSIST IN ENFORCEMENT. Upon request of the department, the attorney general shall assist in the enforcement of the provisions of this chapter.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 2435; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, §
      144.52; C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 144.55]
        

144.56 AUTOPSY. 1. An autopsy or postmortem examination may be performed upon the body of a deceased person by a physician whenever the written consent to the examination or autopsy has been obtained from the person authorized to control the deceased person's remains under section 144C.5. 2. This section does not apply to any death investigated under the authority of sections 331.802 to 331.804.

         Section History: Early Form

         [C75, 77, 79, 81, S81, § 144.56; 81 Acts, ch 117, § 1207] 

         Section History: Recent Form

         2008 Acts, ch 1051, §3, 22
         Referred to in § 144.57
        

144.57 PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER DEATH -- REQUIRED NOTICE -- AUTOPSY. A person who is authorized to pronounce individuals dead is required to inform one of the persons authorized to request an autopsy, as provided in section 144.56, that an autopsy will be required if the individual who died was a public safety officer{ who may have died in the line of duty and an eligible beneficiary of the deceased seeks to claim a federal public safety officer death benefit.{

         Section History: Recent Form

         2005 Acts, ch 174, §19
         {Public safety officers' death benefits, see 42 U.S.C. § 3796 et
      seq.

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