Text: HF6            Text: HF8
Complete Bill History


House File 7

HOUSE FILE BY WINDSCHITL, DOLECHECK, DEYOE, SCHULTE, SODERBERG, L. MILLER, FRY, HUSEMAN, RASMUSSEN, ALONS, DE BOEF, KLEIN, HAGER, DRAKE, LOFGREN, SWEENEY, SANDS, LUKAN, HELLAND, BYRNES, BRANDENBURG, CHAMBERS, KAUFMANN, WATTS, SCHULTZ, HAGENOW, UPMEYER, PAUSTIAN, and ROGERS A BILL FOR 1 An Act relating to the justifiable use of reasonable force and 2 providing a remedy. 3 BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA: TLSB 1456YH (6) 84 jm/rj PAG LIN 1 1 Section 1. Section 704.1, Code 2011, is amended to read as 1 2 follows: 1 3 704.1 Reasonable force. 1 4 1. "Reasonable force" is means that force and no more 1 5 which a reasonable person, in like circumstances, would judge 1 6 to be necessary to prevent an injury or loss and can include 1 7 deadly force if it is reasonable to believe that such force is 1 8 necessary to avoid injury or risk to one's life or safety or 1 9 the life or safety of another, or it is reasonable to believe 1 10 that such force is necessary to resist a like force or threat. 1 11 2. Reasonable force, including deadly force, may be used 1 12 even if an alternative course of action is available if the 1 13 alternative entails a risk to life or safety, or the life or 1 14 safety of a third party, or requires one to abandon or retreat 1 15 from one's dwelling or place of business or employment, and 1 16 a person has no duty to retreat from any place at which the 1 17 person has a right to be present, and has the right to stand 1 18 the person's ground, and meet force with force, if the person 1 19 believes reasonable force, including deadly force, is necessary 1 20 under the circumstances to prevent death or serious injury to 1 21 oneself or a third party, or to prevent the commission of a 1 22 forcible felony. 1 23 Sec. 2. NEW SECTION. 704.4A Immunity. 1 24 1. A person who uses reasonable force shall be immune from 1 25 any criminal prosecution or civil action for using such force, 1 26 unless the person against whom such force is used is a peace 1 27 officer acting within the scope of the officer's duties and the 1 28 peace officer discloses the officer's identity, or the person 1 29 knows or reasonably should know that the person is a peace 1 30 officer. 1 31 2. A law enforcement agency may use standard investigating 1 32 procedures for investigating the use of force, but the law 1 33 enforcement agency shall not arrest a person for using force 1 34 unless the law enforcement agency determines there is probable 1 35 cause that the force was unlawful under this chapter. 2 1 3. If it is later determined by a court or jury that 2 2 the person was justified in using reasonable force under 2 3 the circumstances, and the person is found not liable in a 2 4 civil court, the person shall be awarded reasonable attorney 2 5 fees, court costs, compensation for loss of any income, and 2 6 reimbursement of any other expenses incurred as a result of 2 7 being arrested and charged, to be paid by the civil plaintiff. 2 8 EXPLANATION 2 9 This bill relates to the justifiable use of reasonable 2 10 force. 2 11 The bill provides that a person may use reasonable force, 2 12 including deadly force, and a person has no duty to retreat 2 13 from any place at which the person has a right to be present, 2 14 and has a right to stand the person's ground, and meet force 2 15 with force, if the person believes reasonable force, including 2 16 deadly force, is necessary under the circumstances to prevent 2 17 death or serious injury to oneself or a third party, or to 2 18 prevent the commission of a forcible felony. 2 19 Current law provides that a person may use reasonable force, 2 20 including deadly force, even if an alternative course of action 2 21 is available if the alternative entails a risk of life or 2 22 safety, or the life or safety of a third party, or requires one 2 23 to abandon or retreat from one's residence or place of business 2 24 or employment. 2 25 The bill also provides that a person who uses reasonable 2 26 force shall be immune from any criminal prosecution or civil 2 27 action for using such force, unless the person against whom 2 28 such force is used is a peace officer acting within the scope 2 29 of the officer's duties and the peace officer discloses the 2 30 officer's identity, or the person knows or reasonably should 2 31 know that the person is a peace officer. 2 32 Under the bill, a law enforcement agency shall not arrest a 2 33 person for using force unless it determines there is probable 2 34 cause that the force was unlawful under Code chapter 704. 2 35 The bill also provides that if a court or jury finds a person 3 1 justified in using reasonable force under the circumstances, 3 2 and the person is found not liable in a civil court, the 3 3 person shall be awarded reasonable attorney fees, court costs, 3 4 compensation for loss of any income, and reimbursement of any 3 5 other expenses incurred as a result of being arrested and 3 6 charged, to be paid by the civil plaintiff. LSB 1456YH (6) 84 jm/rj
Text: HF6            Text: HF8 Complete Bill History